Cinnamomum camphora

Camphortree Cinnamomum camphora (60’ – 100’ tall) is native to East Asia (China, Taiwan and Korea) and was first introduced into the U.S. in 1727. It was introduced into Florida in 1875 both as an ornamental and to establish plantations for camphor production. Its name is derived from the strong camphor odor emitted from crushed leaves. It is classified by the Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries as a Tier I invasive species defined as “currently causing severe or widespread negative impacts on wildlife or natural communities in Louisiana”.

Camphortree is most common in moist forests of south Louisiana where it displaces native vegetation. This species is primarily dispersed by birds that consume its fruit and spread Camphortree to new locations, especially disturbed areas. Camphortree continues to be sold at nurseries for landscaping in residential areas.

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